WHAT IS THE ESSENTIAL FUNCTION OF THE KIDNEY?
The kidneys filter the blood and remove harmful waste and toxins substances from the body. And also pull excess fluid from your body and clean it all in your urine.
WHAT IS KIDNEY FAILURE?
Kidney failure is when your kidneys fail to filter waste from your blood well.
Kidney disease prevents kidneys from clearing your blood, and toxins can accumulate in the body, causing illness.
Although kidney failure does not occur overnight, but slowly over long-period, it occurs when the kidney filters become damaged and stop functioning. Many people with kidney disease can live long, mostly healthy lives.
Most times, the indications of kidney failure do not occur until the kidneys are severely affected.
The final stage of kidney disease develops gradually, and most of the symptoms are due to the accumulation of waste in the body or fluid retention.
Causes of kidney failure
Loss of blood flow to the kidneys
Urine elimination problems
- a blood clot in or around your kidneys
- an overload of toxins from heavy metals
- drugs and alcohol
- vasculitis, an inflammation of blood vessels
- lupus, an autoimmune disease that can cause inflammation of many body organs
- glomerulonephritis, an inflammation of the small blood vessels of the kidneys
- hemolytic uremic syndrome, which involves the breakdown of red blood cells following a bacterial infection, usually of the intestines
- multiple myeloma, a cancer of the plasma cells in your bone marrow
- scleroderma, an autoimmune condition that affects your skin
- thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a disorder that causes blood clots in small vessels
- chemotherapy drugs that treat cancer and some autoimmune diseases
- dyes used in some imaging tests
- certain antibiotics
- uncontrolled diabetes
Kidney Failure Symptoms
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite
- Swollen ankles
- Change in urine quantity, (an increase or decrease in the volume of urine passed every day)
- Pain abdomen
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Muscle cramps
- Sleep disturbance
No matter what occurs if you have kidney failure, several steps can be adopted to slow down and restrict the progress of kidney damage.
To remove the extra fluid that accumulates in the body when the kidneys fail. Diuretics are prescribed. They increase urine production and help reduce swelling.
When the kidneys do not work correctly, potassium is retained in the body.
A large amount of potassium in the blood can lead to severe difficulties such as irregular heartbeat or paralysis.
Foods containing a lot of potassium should be avoided.
The recommended diet for people with kidney disease is reduced intake of food with a high amount of salt, potassium, and phosphate.
Stop smoking and withdraw from taking worthless supplements and different over the counter medications.
HOW CAN I IMPROVE MY KIDNEY FUNCTION?
- Alcohol can affect the kidneys, try to limit alcohol consumption.
- If you want to keep your kidney function, stop smoking.
- Stay hydrated. Sipping lots of water will better your kidneys function correctly.
- If you have high blood pressure, it is very vital to have healthy controls and keep your blood pressure within the recommended limits.
- Diabetes affects the kidneys also. If you have diabetes, it is very vital to control the level of sugar in the blood.
- Try to keep a healthy body weight.
- Do regular exercise
- Avoid junk food.
- Do not take pain killers; when it is not required, and it can affect the kidneys.
The kidneys are vital organs that control several other body parts, including the heart. So keep them healthy by drinking plenty of water which will help the kidneys perform their most vital functions: removing toxins.