Diabetes is a disease that causes high blood sugar or which your blood glucose levels are too high. Glucose is your body’s fuel.
The hormone insulin transfers sugar from the bloodstream into your cells to be saved or used for energy. With diabetes, your body doesn’t produce any insulin, doesn’t produce enough insulin, or doesn’t utilise insulin correctly.
There are several types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes: A type of diabetes that usually hits young people and needs treatment with insulin.
Type 2 diabetes: A type of diabetes that usually occurs after age 40. It can develop slowly, often without signs, over several years. It may show itself too late to avert damage.
Prediabetes: When the blood sugar levels are way too high than usual. Although not high enough to been diagnosed as diabetes.
Gestational diabetes: is high blood sugar that manifests during pregnancy — insulin-blocking hormones formed by the placenta cause the type of diabetes.
What is the early sign of diabetes that people often ignore?
1. Frequent urination
Always going to the bathroom is one of the main symptoms of diabetes. People who have diabetes urinate more often than average. When your kidneys can’t keep up with the quantity of sugar in your bloodstream, they flushed out with urine.
If you see that you’re regularly using the bathroom, including throughout the night, you might need to visit your doctor.
2. Slow healing of wounds
Sluggish healing of wounds is one of the initial symptoms of diabetes.
When your sugar levels are high, it will decrease your immune system, which will slow your body’s healing process. Your cuts, scrapes and extra wounds heal more slowly.
3. Increased thirst
Frequent urination will cause you to lose a lot of fluid from the body, and you will become dehydrated.
If you notice that you feel thirsty more often and you are drinking more than usual, it could be symptoms of diabetes.
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3. Persistent Fatigue
Insulin loss can prevent your cells from receiving all the glucose that your body needs to perform their functions.
As a result, there will be intense fatigue that persists until the patient relaxes.
4. Tingling or numbness
Another symptom of diabetes is nerve damage.
High blood glucose levels can cause critical nerve damage that a patient may have tingling or numbness.
This is a condition called diabetic neuropathy. This tingling or numbness usually occurs in the hands and feet. This sign is most apparent in people who have had Type 2 diabetes for many years.
5. Blurred vision
One of the initial symptoms of diabetes is blurred vision.
High blood sugar levels can impair blood vessels, including vessels in the eyes, causing vision problems.
If your blurriness continues, see an eye doctor right away because prolonged high blood sugar levels can lead to blindness, also knowns as diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes has also been associated with cataracts and glaucoma.
6. Sleep disorder
Abnormal level of glucose in the bloodstream is linked with sleep disorders and persistent weakness.
Patients with type 2 diabetes tend to have struggle falling asleep. Besides, people who get less than 6 hours of sleep per night are at increased risk of having diabetes.
7. Feeling hungry all the time
When glucose can not enter the cells entirely, the amount of fuel that your organs need to function is reduced, which is why your body tells you that you have to consume more food to get more extra energy.
This implies that you will feel a hunger response all the time until your blood sugar levels are balanced.
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8. Skin irritation
One of the minor apparent symptoms of diabetes that can reveal itself when your blood sugar level passes normal limits is skin irritation.
Itching can occur on both hands, arms, and legs. If you have irritated skin and you feel the weather does not cause the discomfort. Then, you can check your blood sugar level.
9. Unexplained weight loss
When you are losing weight without any diet plan, or exercise is not healthy. Such an alarm flag should not be overlooked.
When your cells do not obtain glucose as a source of energy, they look for fuel In your fat and muscle for energy, If you lose weight without reason in a short period (more than 4-5 kg per month), the reason may be type 1 diabetes.
The above symptoms are often overlooked because they are correlated with different diseases.
If you notice these changes in your body or if you are experiencing any of the symptoms, do not hesitate to go to a specialist doctor for an accurate diagnosis and proper therapy.