Reproductive diseases are diseases related to the reproductive system such as reproductive tract infections, congenital abnormalities, cancers of the reproductive system, uterus, ovaries, and sexual dysfunction.
Here are some of the diseases that can befall in the female reproductive system!
1. POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME (PCOS)
This condition is formed when the ovaries produce high levels of hormones androgens. This increase in hormone levels can prevent the ovulation process and lead to cysts in the ovaries. It can also cause infertility by affecting ovarian release in the menstrual cycle.
What are the earliest signs of PCOS? Some symptoms are acne, hair loss, no periods at all, pain in the pelvic region, weight gain, and increased hair growth or body growth.
There is no cure for this disease of the female reproductive system yet, but the production of hormones can be controlled, and the skin eliminated with hormone therapy.
2. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDS)
Sexually transmitted diseases in women can cause additional complications and other conditions of the female reproductive system, such as PID, HIV/AIDS, human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis, gonorrhea and herpes (HSV).
Infections such as syphilis, chlamydia, genital herpes, and gonorrhea if left untreated, will cause swelling of the pelvis.
PID can scar the fallopian tubes, increasing chances of infertility or ectopic pregnancy if the egg is implanted into the uterus after fertilization.
Vulvovaginitis is a term for infection and subsequent inflammation of the vulva or vagina tissues. This is due to many reasons, such as poor hygiene, sexually transmitted diseases, viruses, yeasts, and bacteria.
The appearance of a smelly vagina, unexpected vaginal discharge, irritation, and inflammation around the vagina and difficulty during urination may indicate the presence of vulvovaginitis.
Antibiotic or anti-fungal properties can be used to remedy this.
Ovaries are used to develop and mature ovules during the menstrual period.
The cysts can form on the outer or inner surface of the ovaries. These cysts are filled with fluids and are not unusually harmful.
This often occurs and usually disappears over time without the need for treatment.
However, in some cases, these cysts may become a severe problem with the occurrence of torsion or ovarian rupture.
It is essential to schedule regular basin checks to help identify harmful ovarian cysts at an early stage.