We are reminded of the atrocities performed by the British on native Indians during the Colonial Era of India administered by the East India Company. Our blood boils, and we’re filled with wrath in our souls. However, if you travel through Indian cities, you will come across many good vestiges of the East India Company.
Leaving aside the East India Company’s flagrant breaches of human rights, the British accomplished a great deal for the country. Let’s take a closer look at what they are.
1. English Language
To make administration easier, the East India Company taught English to the Indians who worked for the government. This is how the English language made advances into an Indian society teeming with regional dialects. To be honest, the English language provided India with numerous chances.
2. Indian Railways
Did you know that the British were the ones who built India’s rail network? As a result, the majority of railway stations in India are designed in the British style. The East India Company developed the intricate network of Indian Railways to transport commodities and VIPs from one part of the nation to another.
The first train in India operated from Bombay (Mumbai) to Thane for around 34 kilometres on April 16, 1853.
3. Indian Army
The Indian Army, the world’s fourth most powerful army, was created by the British East India Company. During the British Era, it was founded. The Indian Army’s ethos, practises, and routines are still reminiscent of the East India Company.
Vaccines were unknown in India prior to the arrival of the British. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, when Small Pox was endemic in India, the British government issued the Compulsory Vaccination Act of 1892 to combat the disease. Sanitary Commissioners were also dispatched to prevent the sickness from spreading.
5. Social Reforms
Many archaic Indian rituals were abolished as a result of British influence. They largely repealed social reforms such as Sati, Child Marriage, and Untouchability. They also advocated for widow remarriage to help women who had lost their husbands when they were young. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, a well-known social reformer, backed the British in this.
Before 1871, India’s population had never been counted. Beginning in 1871, the British began conducting censuses in India every ten years to tally the population. Every ten years, they used to collect statistics data on age, gender, religion, caste, education, and population. Since then, the census has been conducted 15 times as of 2011.
In 1851, the British established the Geographical Survey of India. The institute was established with the goal of surveying villages and cities as well as creating a map of India. The same map created by the Britishers is still used in many places. They brought in a lot of advanced equipment to survey India’s length and breadth.